Degree in Journalism: All you Need to Know About Journalism

Tuesday, 12 July 2022

Are you interested in getting a Master’s Degree in Journalism? Do you want to get more information about what Journalism means? Here we provide you with the definition, the purpose, and the types of Journalism that exist. 

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Journalism is an essential part of life in society.  Journalists help citizens to inform themselves about important situations that happen every day in our own country and also in the world. Without journalism, we would not be able to communicate with the world and we would not be able to help those in need. 

If you are interested in getting a Master’s degree in Journalism, you should know what is Journalism, its purpose and the types of journalism there exists. There exist several different types of journalism that depend on the topic and the likes and dislikes of the journalist. By getting a Master’s degree in Journalism, you will be able to identify what are your likes and dislikes and choose the type of journalism that suits you best.

What is Journalism? 

The word “journalism” comes from the French word “journal”. The meaning of this word has been evolving throughout time. In the Middle Ages, it referred to the books that exposed the time of the daily prayers. In the 17th century, it evolved into a “personal diary”, but by the 18th century, it started to mean “daily newspaper”, thanks to the invention of the printing press. 

Nowadays, the word “journalism” has the same meaning that in the 18th century, but what is exactly “journalism”? Journalism refers to the collection of information on a particular topic, analysis of that information, and then reporting that information to a specific audience via newspapers, magazines, TV, the internet, or any type of media.  

Journalism helps people in the world to understand the events that happen in our daily lives and that we would not be aware of if journalists did not exist. By studying for a degree in Journalism, you will be able to explain to people in the world the events that happen day to day and help them be aware of the world that surrounds them. 


According to the book The Elements of Journalism by Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel: “the principles and purpose of journalism are defined by [...] the functions news plays in the lives of people” and “to provide citizens with the information they need to be free and self-governing.” 

Apart from that, journalists have a series of responsibilities that they have to follow in order to perform their duties in a good way: 

  • inform people about changing events and issues
  • watch those in power
  • give context to current events
  • show that something is true

Types of Journalism

  1. Broadcast journalism: Broadcast journalism is an umbrella term for all of the reports that are made public through any type of media, whether it is radio, television, or the internet. It includes reading a report with a corresponding video, relating to a specific video, or conducting a report while showing live videos.
  2. Business journalism: Business journalism aims at keeping readers informed on trends and changes in the business world. 
  3. Entertainment journalism: Entertainment journalism informs people about the current events of popular people and trends. This type of journalism might include reports on celebrities, movies, books, TV shows, and events. They may also cover movie premieres and awards ceremonies. 
  4. Investigative journalism: Investigative journalism involves the thorough research of a topic of interest, to finally expose the findings to a wide audience. Investigative journalists may spend months or even years investigating the topic. 
  5. Watchdog journalism: Watchdog journalism aims at protecting citizens from illegal activities or corruption, especially on part of their governors. They monitor the organizations’ activities and if they discover illegal activities, they have to report it so that the organization is held responsible. 
  6. Online journalism: Online journalism aims at reporting facts through internet media: digital newspapers, blogs, or social media. It allows journalists to report the facts to the audience without delays from printed news.  
  7. Political journalism: Political journalism aims at informing the reader about the political happenings in a country. It focuses on government, politics, and political candidates.  
  8. Opinion journalism: This field of journalism is in charge of reporting events from the journalist’s perspective and opinion, rather than objective facts. In this type of report, journalists can present their viewpoints. Examples of this are reviews, advice columns, and letters from the editor. 
  9. Sports journalism: This type of journalism covers sport-related topics. Sports journalists report games, scores, rankings, and discussions of players and strategies in different sports.

Overall, the definition of the word “journalism” can be traced back to the Middle Ages, and it evolved throughout the following centuries. Journalism aims at informing society about the events happening day to day all around the world, and there are different types of journalism, including watchdog journalism, broadcast journalism, and investigative journalism, which are the most popular. 

If you want to get extra information about the definition, the purpose, and the types of journalism there exist, you should probably get a Master’s degree in Journalism.

Check out our site and fill in the form and one of our advisors will contact you as soon as possible to answer any questions you may have. 

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